Abstract A history of exposure to harsh physical discipline has been linked to negative outcomes for children, ranging from conduct disorder to depression and low self-esteem. Adolescent and parent reports of harsh discipline, independently coded observations of conflictual interactions, and adolescent reports of symptoms were obtained for adolescents at age Adolescents exposed to harsh discipline from mothers were also less likely to appear warm and engaged during an interaction task with their mothers. It is suggested that a history of harsh discipline is associated not only with social and emotional functioning, but also with the developmental task of autonomy and relatedness.
As a professor at Yale, he was known for his work in child development.
As the oldest of 5 children, he first saw child development in his younger siblings as they grew. He took on an assistant professorship at Yale in The first years at Yale were productive, as he worked toward his M.
He believed that in order to properly research child development, medical knowledge would be required.
There, he was the Professor of Child Hygiene from until He became so involved with child development, that by his career was mostly concerned with normal child development and the study of such.
This theory was developed during the course of 50 years in which Gesell performed countless observational studies while at the Yale Clinic of Child Development. The Maturational Theory breaks down behavioral norms for young children that show milestones of development in a predictable way.
His belief was that infants and young children show mental development milestones similar to how they show physical development milestones.
The schedules were a series of metrics used to determine the development of young children and infants. The Gesell Developmental Observation-Revised Technical Report was put together from data gathered in and is intended for educators.
When it came to parenting, Arnold Gesell advocated for a child-centric approach. What this means is that he believed parents should give the child direction and guidance, but not be overly strict with rules and their development.
A good analogy of this is how a flower grows. We provide the location, dirt, and pot, also the basic needs and care.
The flower will grow and blossom how it is supposed to if all of the basic needs are met. This is not to say that he did not believe in discipline.
Arnold Gesell was an early adapter of technology for use in his studies. His use of motion picture cameras and one-way screens was the first for his field of study.
The Gesell dome is a one-way mirror in which children underneath can be observed without interruption and distraction. He worked with important adoption organizations in his day and believed that there should be minimum standards for adoption agencies.
Adoption record confidentiality was something of utmost importance to Gesell. He worked tirelessly to promote scientific methods of selection and matching in adoption.
He also believed that agencies ran by trained personnel were preferable to baby farms and the black market. His work is often brought up during heated debates pertaining to nature versus nurture.
He has also been referred to as the father of child development theory.Montessori Philosophy Question: Explain the relationship between discipline and obedience from the Montessori perspective.
Explain how discipline and obedience are linked to the development of the will. Start studying Life-span development Ch1 Questions.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They seek to understand and explain the behavior that occurs throughout our lives. A number of different theories have been developed in an attempt to explain the various aspects of human growth.
Developmental theories provide a set of guiding principles and concepts that describe and explain human development. Explain the Relationship Between Discipline and Obedience from the Montessori Perspective.
Explain How Discipline and Obedience Are Linked to the Development of the Will. Child maturation refers to the genetic, biological and physical development from conception through adolescence. There are several developmental milestones that occur in healthy children. Although there are normal patterns of maturation in child development, individual and environmental factors make it impossible to pinpoint exact time frames Founded: Jun 17, Stages of Maturation in Children.
by MATTHEW GIOBBI, PH.D. June 13, Although there are normal patterns of maturation in child development, individual and environmental factors make it impossible to pinpoint exact time frames, as no two children develop in the same way.