His father was a clerk in the Navy Pay Office and was temporarily stationed in the district.
The most popular novelist of his time, Dickens created a fictional world that reflects the social and technological changes of the Victorian era. His father, John Dickens, a clerk in the Naval Pay Office, was always hard-pressed to support his family.
After his father was released from prison, Dickens was sent to school at an academy in London, where he was a good student. Inhe fell in love with Maria Beadnell, the daughter of a banker, but broke with her in At age twenty-one, he began publishing his Sketches by Boz and joined the Morning Chronicle as a reporter.
His first collection of Sketches by Boz appeared inthe same year he began a series of sketches titled Pickwick Papers Also inhe married Catherine Hogarth, the daughter of a journalist. As Pickwick Papers became a striking popular success in serial publication, the Dickens phenomenon began, and Dickens was on his way to becoming the most powerful and widely read author in nineteenth century England.
He began editing a new monthly magazine for which he contracted to write another serial story, which he called Oliver Twist and which began to appear while Pickwick Papers was still running.
Thus, Dickens started the breakneck speed of writing which was to characterize the energy of his work throughout his life. While Oliver Twist was still running in serial form, Dickens also began publishing Nicholas Nicklebyanother great success, first in serial form and then as a book Immediately thereafter, he began the serialization of The Old Curiosity Shop in a weekly publication, followed soon after by Barnaby Rudge: Dickens paused from his writing between and to travel in the United States, the result of which was American Notes and, more important, the serialization of Martin Chuzzlewitoutraging many American readers with its caricature of life in the United States.
During the Christmas season ofDickens achieved one of his most memorable successes with A Christmas Carolwhich gave the world the character of Ebenezer Scrooge. The poor circulation of Martin Chuzzlewit was cause enough for Dickens to cease his writing once again for an extended visit to the Continent.
Returning from Italy inDickens began editing a new daily newspaper, The Daily News, but resigned from that job after only three weeks. He began instead the serialization of Dombey and Sononly to begin the serialization of David Copperfield the following year. During this time, Dickens began working with amateur theatricals as an actor and a director, mostly to benefit literature and the arts.
He then began editing the periodical Household Words and writing what many call his most ambitious work, Bleak Houseinwhich ran for a year and a half. InHard Times was published serially in order to boost the failing circulation of Household Words, and soon thereafter, Dickens began serialization of Little Dorrit Inhe separated from his wife amid much bad publicity.
Also inDickens began another major aspect of his professional life—a series of public readings from his own work. Inhe began writing Great Expectations to increase the circulation of a new weekly, All the Year Round.
London readings continued throughwhen he went to Paris for another series of readings there. Although he was experiencing poor health, Dickens wrote Our Mutual Friend and performed public readings in London untilwhen he made his last trip to the United States for a tour of readings which brought him much money but which taxed his already failing health.
When Dickens returned to England after several months in the United States, he took up readings again in London, Scotland, and Ireland, in addition to beginning his last work which he did not live to finishThe Mystery of Edwin Drood He was buried in Westminster Abbey. Summary As any account of his life makes clear, what most characterizes Charles Dickens is the amount of work he produced and the fact that all of it was originally written for serial publication—a demanding way to publish.
To keep up with the demand, Dickens was writing constantly.
Yet the widespread popularity of Dickens, which continues unabated into the late twentieth century, cannot be accounted for so simply. In spite of the fact that Dickens cranked out novel after novel, as if he were a one-man literary factory, he impresses even skeptics as a masterful storyteller and a genius at characterization.
Many critics have tried to account for what might be called the mystery of Dickens: Simply to name such characters as Mr. Pickwick, Scrooge, Fagin, and Mr. Micawber is to conjure up images that are destined to remain memorable. Dickens drew his inspiration primarily from three sources.
First, much of his writing is autobiographical. One can see the deserted, poverty-stricken child in Oliver Twist, the aspiring young writer in David Copperfield, and the misguided young man in Pip.Get this from a library!
Charles Dickens. [Charles Haines] -- A biography of the English writer whose numerous novels recorded the social conditions and way of life of the poor in nineteenth-century London.
Watch video · Charles Dickens (February 7, to June 9, ) was a British novelist, journalist, editor, illustrator and social commentator who wrote such beloved classic novels as Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, Nicholas Nickleby, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities and Great Expectations.
Dickens is remembered as one of the most important and influential writers of the 19th century. Charles John Huffam Dickens (/ ˈ d ɪ k ɪ n z /; 7 February – 9 June ) was an English writer and social critic.
He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. Spouse: Catherine Thomson Hogarth.
Award-winning Claire Tomalin, author of A Life of My Own, sets the standard for sophisticated and popular biography, having written lives of Jane Austen, Samuel Pepys, and Thomas Hardy, among others. Here she tackles the best recognized and loved man of nineteenth-century England, Charles Dickens; a literary leviathan whose own difficult path to greatness inspired the creation of classic 4/5(19).
Here she tackles the best recognized and loved man of nineteenth-century England, Charles Dickens; a literary leviathan whose own difficult path to greatness inspired the creation of classic novels such as Great Expectations, David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, and Hard Times/5(79).
Thomas Carlyle (4 December – 5 February ) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher.
Considered one of the most important social commentators of his time, he presented many lectures during his lifetime with certain acclaim in .